The Dungeons and Dragons problem

The Dungeons and Dragons problem

Last week I posed this problem in my Bayesian Statistics class:

Suppose there are 10 people in my Dungeons and Dragons club; on any game day, each of them has a 70% chance of showing up.

Each player has one character and each character has 6 attributes, each of which is generated by rolling and adding up 3 6-sided dice.

At the beginning of the game, I ask whose character has the lowest attribute. The wizard says, “My constitution is 5; does anyone have a lower attribute?”, and no one does.

The warrior says “My strength is 16; does anyone have a higher attribute?”, and no one does.

How many characters are in the party?

My solution is in this Jupyter notebook:

The six R’s of debugging

The six R’s of debugging

In Modeling and Simulation yesterday I presented my six R’s of debugging:

Read: You have to read the code, and read what it really says, not what you think it says.  You have to read the documentation, read the error message, and read the Stack Overflow page that comes up when you Google the error message.

But sometimes the bug is in your head.  If the problem is your misunderstanding, you won’t find it by staring at the code…

Run: You also have to run the code, makes some changes, and run the code again.  Sometimes when you clean up the code, and you make a change that should have no effect, and it does, that gives you a hint.

But don’t just make random changes…

Ruminate: Take time to think!  What have you changed since the last time you had a working program?  What is the program doing wrong, and what kind of error could cause it?  What are you assuming that might be wrong?

Question everything, but don’t just sit in silence…

Rubber duck: You have to talk about it.  Find someone who’s willing to listen and explain the problem.  You might figure it out before they have a chance to say a word.  In that case you don’t even need a person.  A rubber duck will do.

Be persistent, but not too persistent…

Rest: If you’ve been at it a while, take a break.  Get away from the computer, do something else, and wait for your blood pressure to come down.  Some of the best places to find bugs are trains, showers, and bed, just before you fall asleep.

Finally, if you are pretty much stuck, you might have to be strategic…

Retreat: Get back to a previous working version and start building up the code.  Take smaller steps this time, or take different steps.  Spend some time building code that helps you debug, like functions that visualize your data structures.

I hope these suggestions are helpful.  There are six things to try, so if you are stuck on one, try another.  Debugging can be frustrating, but it is one of the most useful skills you can develop, and it applies to almost every domain, not just software development.

If you are good at debugging, you can do anything.

New home

New home

Welcome to the new home of Probably Overthinking It, where I write about data science, Bayesian statistics, and occasional other topics.  If you want to read any of my older articles, they are still available at the original location.

Since I am teaching my Bayesian statistics class this semester, I will post some of my examples here soon, and some student projects, too.

One of the reasons I am moving the blog is to get better support for Jupyter notebooks.  Here’s an example from a recent article.  Let’s see how it looks.

Not bad.